Area: 475,442 km²
Population (1999)/: About 15,500,000
Annual Population Growth rate: 2.6%/
Population in urban areas: 47.2%
Literacy rate: 60.8%
Life expectancy at birth: 56.7%
Growth rate in 2002/2003: 6.0
Nominal GDP in 2002/2003 (in billions of FCFA): 7.178
Non-oil GDP in 2002/2003 (in billions of FCFA): 6.592
Average inflation rate in 2002/2003: 2.0%
Cameroon has an extraordinary diversity of physical features. This diversity owes its existence to the country’s relief, which presents a unique characteristic. Plains make up two localised settings, one in the northern tip of the country on the shores of Lake Chad, and the other at the extreme south-west on the shores of the ocean. An arch of highlands made up of mountains and plateaus takes over from the coastal plains and extends north-eastwards, overlooking in its recess the vast southern Cameroonian plateaus. Four relief features can be distinguished in Cameroon:
· the plains and mountains of the north
· the highlands of the centre and the west
· the plateaus of the south of Cameroon
· the coastal plains.
Humid tropical in the South and dry in the North, with a mean of 25oC in the South and 32oC in the North. In the mountainous zones of the West, the temperature varies according to altitude and becomes cooler.
Administrative capital: Yaounde
Economic capital: Douala
Other big towns: Nkongsamba, Maroua, Garoua, Bafoussam, Bamenda.
English and French (Official languages)
240 local languages spoken by 240 enthnic groups.
Secular state with Islam and Christianity as main religions. It should be noted that a good margin of the population remains animistic.
Religious holidays: Good Friday, Easter, Pentecost, Assumption, Christmas, End of Ramadan, Feast of the Ram
Official holidays: New Year’s Day, Youth Day (11th February), Labour Day (1st May), National Day (20th May)
Working hours: Mondays to Fridays: 7:30 am – 3:30 pm
Currency: CFA Franc.